Taking Note of Complication and Care for Bariatric Surgery Patients
Weight loss is a growing problem that has been associated with complicated diseases. This has led people towards adopting varied kinds of weight loss programs. Some are successful and others opt for bariatric surgery for quick reactions. As a weight loss procedure, bariatric surgery is conducted under proper medical supervision. It is a minimal invasive surgery that requires the surgeon to perform task easier than complicated procedures.
Risks and Complications Involved in Bariatric Surgery:
General health complications may include gastric dumping syndrome in around 20 percent patients having bloating and diarrhoea post eating, requiring small meals or medication, seepages from the surgical area, incisional hernia, infections and pneumonia. Well, the risk factors or complications associated with the procedure of bariatric surgery happen to reduce a lot on being performed by well-experienced surgeon. Also, it is necessary that the surgical process should be conducted at a reputed or medical centre with proven track record. Along with this, the leaks from the surgery at well-equipped medical centres are lesser than the lower volume centres.
Metabolic bone disease established as osteopenia and ancillary hyperparathyroidism have been testified after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery because of condensed calcium absorption. The maximum amount of calcium carriers is in the duodenum. As the swallowed food might not pass from the duodenum after a bypass process, calcium points in the blood may decline, triggering secondary hyperparathyroidism, surge in bone turnover, and a reduction in bone mass. There is also a possibility of increased risk of fracture that has been oftenly connected with bariatric surgery.
Pre and Post-Operative Care for Bariatric Surgery:
Every type of surgery is accompanied by advantages and disadvantages. Also, a variety of patient factors links with the selected process including BMI, ingestion habits, fitness issues connected with obesity, and a complete amount of previous stomach surgeries. The patient and provider should discuss the most suitable option by considering the benefits and risks of each type of surgery.
When it comes to the matter of taking note of the post-operative bariatric surgery patients, they are required to adhere to an arduous and enduring diet with a fitness plan to avert complications. This is mandatory to avoid putting on weight after the surgery process is undertaken. Initially, they have to consume soft diet. As the bariatric surgery is performed, the patients are required to have strict diet plans and eat as per the dietician’s suggestion. It is necessary for the patients to add lean cuts or meat and chicken to their diet plan; though, it might not be on a regular chart. Also, consuming dairy products like cheese, yogurt and milk can be a perfect source of protein.
Foods to Avoid on Having Bariatric Surgery:
Avoid heavy food stuff including oily, fatty food and other materials that develop gastric issues. Essentially known, the food with sugary effect or having high content of sugar should also be avoided. One thing should be kept in mind is that the food should be chewed slowly for easy digestion.
Understanding Link between Laparoscopy and Bariatric Surgery
Laparoscopy is a surgical analytical process used to scrutinize the organs present within the abdomen. It stands to be a low-risk, marginally invasive medical practice that requires smaller amount of incisions on the area around abdomen and stomach. This process makes use of an instrument named laparoscope to examine the abdominal organs. Talking about laparoscope, it is a longer, thin tube with a high-graded intensity light with a camera having high-resolution at the front. The instrument is injected through a cut in the abdominal wall. As it slides around, the camera directs images to a video monitor.
Procedural Significance of laparoscopy:
At the time of laparoscopy, the surgeon conducts a small incision of about 1-1.5cm near to the belly button. A tube is injected via incision, and carbon dioxide gas is impelled from the tube to swell the abdomen a bit. It happens to allow the surgeon to analyze organs clearly and allows more room for evaluation. A laparoscope is then implanted from the tube. Its job is to take and send to a television monitor in the operation theatre.
In case, laparoscopy is requires to assist a part of the treatment, further incisions are made in the abdominal area. Smaller sized surgical equipments can be implanted through these incisions. In fact, surgeon has to guide them towards the right position by channelizing the view from the laparoscope. Once the instruments are positioned at the right place, the required treatment can take place.
As the process gets completed, the carbon dioxide is taken out from the abdomen and the incisions are closed with stitches or clips followed by dressing. When laparoscopy is utilized to detect a condition, the process typically takes 30 to 60 minutes. It might take longer, if the surgeon requires a condition to be treated.
Laparoscopy and Bariatric Surgeries:
Basically speaking, laparoscopy is intended to be carried out as the diagnostic procedures like CT scan or Ultrasound does not give enough of the results as required. The process of laparoscopy is suggested by the doctors in case of analyzing or treating problems in appendix, liver, gall bladder, bowel system, pancreas, stomach, spleen and even reproductive organs. Now, there is a need to understand the importance of laparoscopy in bariatric surgery. Certainly, bariatric surgery or treatment process is related to stomach or abdomen. It is the need to use lesser invasive surgical process with advanced techniques that necessitated the use of laparoscopy in bariatric surgery.
Enthusiastic surgeons have unceasingly pursued for an ideal technique to release morosely obese patients from their load of comorbid circumstances, abridged life anticipation and lower quality of life. The perfect method must have lesser complicated risk, both in short- as well as long term with minimum influence on everyday life. The revolution of laparoscopic techniques in bariatric surgery started with the need to have minimal invasive processes with abridged operative time, longevity of the positive effects, and lesser amount of complications. The growth in bariatric surgery has been outstanding, resultant in a significant increase of the amount of methods performed globally in the last decades. This is the reason that Gastric Bypass, Sleeve Gastrectomy, Adjustable Gastric Band and Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch have been well engulfed with the goodness of Laparoscopic procedures for quicker results.